Dental health is a pivotal aspect of overall well-being, yet many of us find ourselves facing dental issues that impact our quality of life. Among the various dental restoration procedures, dental crowns stand out as a versatile solution for a range of dental problems. Whether you’re dealing with a broken tooth, severe decay, or simply looking to enhance your smile, understanding dental crowns is the first step towards restoring your oral health.

This comprehensive guide aims to equip you with everything you need to know about dental crowns, ensuring you’re well-informed before undergoing the procedure.

Understanding Dental Crowns

What Are Dental Crowns?

Dental crowns are custom-fitted tooth prosthetics that are used to cover or “cap” a damaged tooth. Unlike removable devices such as dentures, dental crowns are cemented onto existing teeth or implants, offering both cosmetic and functional restoration.

Why Are Dental Crowns Needed?

Dental crowns serve various purposes, including:

  • Restoring the shape, size, and strength of a tooth
  • Enhancing the aesthetic appearance of teeth
  • Protecting a weak tooth from breaking or to hold together parts of a cracked tooth
  • Covering and supporting a tooth with a large filling
  • Holding dental bridges in place
  • Covering misshapen or severely discolored teeth
  • Covering a dental implant

Types of Dental Crowns

Material choice is crucial when considering a dental crown, as each type comes with its advantages and disadvantages. The most common materials include:

1. Porcelain or Ceramic Crowns

Ideal for front tooth restoration due to their natural color and texture, which blend seamlessly with your natural teeth.

2. Gold and Metal Alloys Crowns

Known for their durability and strength, metal crowns are an excellent choice for back molars.

3. Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM) Crowns

Offering a balance between strength and aesthetics, PFM crowns are a versatile choice.

4. Resin Crowns

While more affordable, resin crowns are less durable and more prone to fractures than their porcelain and metal counterparts.

The Procedure: What to Expect

Getting a dental crown typically requires two visits to the dentist. Here’s what you can expect during the process:

First Visit: Examination and Preparation

  • Examination: Your dentist will assess the health of your tooth, which may involve X-rays to check the roots and surrounding bone.
  • Preparation: The tooth receiving the crown is reshaped along the chewing surface and sides to make room for the crown itself. This might involve removing part of the tooth or filling it to build it up.

Second Visit: Crown Fitting

  • Crown Fabrication: If the crown is being made in a dental laboratory, your dentist will place a temporary crown to protect the prepared tooth.
  • Fitting the Permanent Crown: Once your permanent crown is ready, the temporary crown is removed, and the new crown is adjusted and cemented in place.

Aftercare and Maintenance

Proper care can extend the life of your dental crown. Here are some tips:

  • Practice good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and flossing daily.
  • Avoid chewing hard foods, ice, or other hard objects that could damage the crown.
  • Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings.

Potential Complications and How to Address Them

While dental crown procedures are generally successful, there can be complications, such as:

  • Discomfort or Sensitivity: Temporary sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures after the procedure is common.
  • Chipped Crown: Porcelain crowns can sometimes chip. Small chips can be repaired, but larger or multiple chips might require crown replacement.
  • Loose Crown: If the cement washes out, it can cause the crown to become loose, creating a risk of tooth decay.


Dental crowns are a reliable solution for restoring and enhancing your dental health and appearance. By understanding the types of crowns available, what the procedure involves, and how to care for your crown, you can ensure the longevity of your dental restoration. Always consult with a professional dental crowns specialist to discuss your specific needs and to ensure that you receive the best possible care for your situation.

By Grace